Timeline--Saudi Arabia

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SAUDI ARABIA’S INVOLVEMENT IN THE ARAB- ISRAELI CONFLICT:

1945: Saudi Arabia along with other Arab States formed the Arab League to coordinate policy between the Arab states after fearing that Transjordan would annex part or all of Palestine, and use it as a basis to attack or undermine Syria, Lebanon, and the Hijaz. 1948: Saudi Arabia sent a contingent of 800 -1,200 men to join the Arab Liberation Army (Jaysh al-Inqadh al-Arabi) against Israel. -Saudi Arabia has no diplomatic recognition of Israel and it participates in an active economic boycott of Israel.

1967: Saudi Arabia supported the position that Israel must withdraw from the territories which it occupied in June 1967, as according to United Nations Resolution 242.

1973: Saudi Arabia gave financial aid and sent some token forces to join in the Yom Kippur War or October War besides Egypt and other Arab states against Israel.

- On October 20th, in the midst of the war, Saudi Arabia declared an embargo against the United States, later joined by other oil exporters and extended against the Netherlands and other states for helping Israel, causing the 1973 energy crisis. Though widely believed to be a reaction to the war, it now appears that the embargo had been coordinated in a secret visit of Anwar Sadat to Saudi Arabia in August.

1975: Saudi Arabia voted in support of the UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 which equated Zionism with racism along with 72 other countries.

1978: Saudi Arabia rejected The Camp David Accords claiming that they would be unable to achieve a comprehensive political solution that would ensure Palestinian rights and adequately address the status of Jerusalem.

- The Saudis broke diplomatic relations with and suspended aid to Egypt in the wake of Camp David but the two countries renewed formal ties in 1987.

1997: Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the de facto leader of the country after King Faud suffered a stroke. In contrast to King Fahd, who was seen as a staunch U.S. ally, Crown Prince Abdullah supported Arab and Islamic causes, particularly his strong support of the Palestinian Intifada. He constantly criticized the U.S. for not opposing Israeli violence in Palestine, declining a May 2001 invitation to visit the White House.

2001: Frustrated by the lack of U.S. response to Israeli-Palestinian violence, Crown Prince Abdullah sent President George W. Bush an angry letter on August 29, according to an October 2001 report in The Wall Street Journal. He warned that Saudi Arabia was being put in an untenable position. 2003: Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia's announced at an Arab League Summit in Beirut in March a Middle East peace initiative with Israel. The main points are:

• Israel is required to withdraw from all territories seized in 1967 - the West Bank, Gaza, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. • In return, all Arab states offer normal diplomatic relations - including a peace deal that recognizes Israel's right to exist and secures its borders. In response, on March 28, 2002 Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres welcomed the initiative but declared that it can only be considered by Israel if the Palestinian Authority must put an end to terror. 2006: In a move meant to pave the way for its entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), Saudi Arabia cancelled its economic embargo against Israel, itself a WTO member state. Under the bylaws of the WTO charter, no member nation may impose an economic embargo on another member state.

-Nevertheless, the kingdom continues to prohibit entry to products made in Israel or to foreign-made goods containing Israeli components, in violation of pledges made by senior Saudi officials to the Bush administration the previous year.

-On July 13 2006, Saudi Arabia blamed "elements" inside Lebanon for the hostility that erupted between Israel and Lebanon after the capture of two Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah "A distinction must be made between legitimate resistance and uncalculated adventures undertaken by elements inside [Lebanon] and those behind them, without recourse to the legal authorities and consulting and co-ordinating with Arab nations," a statement on the official news agency SPA said.

- The Saudi’s were blamed by Hezbollah on July 26 for allowing the shipment and transferal of "bunker buster" bombs to Israel through Saudi Arabia. These bombs would allegedly be used as reported by Manar T.V to target the leader of Lebanon's Hezbollah guerrilla group and destroy its trenches.



http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1139395549420&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Saudi_Arabia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suez_Crisis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Arab-Israeli_War

http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/8A7ED0E3-AC48-4832-926F-A91B6404284D.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six-Day_War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_Attrition

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_Kippur_War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Israeli_invasion_of_Lebanon_1982

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Intifada

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1844214.stm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Intifada

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UN_General_Assembly_Resolution_3379

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_David_Accords

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