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1948: Upon its establishment in 1948, Israel enjoyed cordial relations with Iran (then ruled by the Pahlavi dynasty).

1949: Iran was one of the first nations to internationally recognize Israel in March 1949 and was Israel's closest Muslim friend. Iran also played a vital role in helping Arab-Jews immigrate to Israel by using the Iranian route.

1975: Iran voted in support of the UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 which equated Zionism with racism along with 72 other countries. However, Iran and Israel did develop close military ties during this period. This can be seen from the development of joint venture military projects, such as Project Flower, the Iranian-Israeli attempt to develop a new missile

1979: Iran withdrew its recognition of the state of Israel and cut off all official relations after the second phase of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which witnessed the establishment of the Islamic Republic.

1980: Iran is said to have purchased weapons valued at $2.5 billion from Israel through third party intermediaries during the Iran-Iraq war during the 1980s and the 1990s. This has been alleged to have been part of the Iran-Contra scandal.

1997: Although, Reformist Iranian President Mohammad Khatami called Israel an "illegal state" and a "parasite," he was noted saying that Jews should be "safe in Iran" and that all religious minorities should be protected.

1998: Israeli businessman Nahum Manbar was sentenced to 16 years in prison in Israel for doing business with Tehran, and in the course of the investigation, "hundreds of companies" were found to have illegal business dealings with Iran.

2002: In January the IDF Shayetet 13 naval commando captured the Karine A, a large boat carrying weapons from Iran presumably intended to be used by Palestine militants against Israel. It was discovered that top officials in the Palestinian Authority were involved in the smuggling.

2003: Following an October 4 suicide bombing in Maxim restaurant, Haifa, which claimed the lives of 21 Israelis, Israel claimed that Syria and Iran sponsored the Islamic Jihad and Hezbollah, and were responsible for the terrorist attack. -In November, Israel warned that it is prepared to take unilateral military action against Iran if the international community fails to stop any development of nuclear weapons at the country's atomic energy facilities. It cited Israeli defence minister Shaul Mofaz stating, "Under no circumstances would Israel be able to tolerate nuclear weapons in Iranian possession."

2004: In January, formed President Khatami spoke to an Israeli reporter who asked him on what grounds Iran would recognize Israel. This was believed to be the first time he had spoken publicly with an Israeli.

2005: In December, a British newspaper claimed that the Israeli military had been ordered by Israeli prime minister (at that time) Ariel Sharon to plan for possible strikes on uranium enrichments sites in Iran in March 2006, based on Israeli intelligence estimates that Iran would be able to build nuclear weapons in two to four years. It was claimed that the Special Forces command was in the highest stage of readiness for an attack (state G) in December. Ariel Sharon reportedly said, "Israel - and not only Israel - cannot accept a nuclear Iran. We have the ability to deal with this and we're making all the necessary preparations to be ready for such a situation. -Iran still has the largest Jewish population in the Middle East outside of Israel. A larger population of Iranian Jews reside in Israel and the most eminent: previous President of Israel Moshe Katsav, the Defense Minister, former Chief of Staff Shaul Mofaz and Israeli hip-hop star Kobi Shimoni (Subliminal).

2006: Relations between the two states became very tense primarily due Iranian President Ahmadinejad frequently calls for an end to the state of Israel. He was quoted saying: “occupying regime of Al-Quds” to be “wiped off the map." -On May 08 2006, Israeli vice Premier Shimon Peres said in an interview with Reuters that "the president of Iran should remember that Iran can also be wiped off the map," Army Radio reported. -On July 14 2006, Iran warned Israel against attacking Lebanon's neighbor Syria after Israel bombed Lebanon airport in response to the capture of two Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah.







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