*NEW* Further Reading--country by country *NEW*

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Please note that this section is a work in progress. As relevant stories become available they will be added. The news stories here are taken from various sources, and generally reflect a balanced point of view. Stories incorporated to demonstrate a particular point of view will be denoted as representing a particular point of view. A note on Egypt, you will note that there is no mention of the Egyptian Revolution. This story is so fast moving that it is hard to include articles that remain relevant for more than a day.


Collection of articles


IsraelThis article represents the point of view of Avigdor Lieberman on future settlements. It is a good article for understanding his view on the settlement issue. http://www.presstv.ir/detail/153474.html

Israel-(Israeli view of U.S.)This is an Israeli generated guide to the peace talks of 2010. It is biased towards the Israeli narrative, but provides a useful point of view for those interested in understanding Israel’s stance. Videos on the site also provide an interesting glimpse into the U.S’s view of peace talks. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Peace+Process/Guide+to+the+Peace+Process/Special_update_Resumption_talks_Israel_Palestinians_2-Sep-2010.htm

IsraelSettlement subsidies: It is often hard to put into Israeli settlement construction into scope. This article provides a fair analysis of Israeli subsidies. The important point that this article conveys is the vast economic investment that Israel has made into settlement construction. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/settlements-have-cost-israel-17-billion-study-finds-1.265190

Israel This article deals with the end of the recent settlement moratorium. It is an Israeli-centric peace, but it provides a good overview of the political situation leading up to the expiration of the Israeli enforced moratorium. It stops short of the point in time at which the Palestinians left the bargaining table. http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/09/26/israel.settlement.moratorium/index.html

Israel Tensions do exist within the Israeli political landscape. This article provides a demonstration of one particular political tussle between Netanyahu and Lieberman. It is a good article to read in order to further your understanding of the differences between the two parties. It also helps you understand that they are not averse to fighting with one another. http://www.haaretz.com/news/national/veteran-likud-mk-lieberman-s-foreign-ministry-has-brought-zero-to-israel-1.336425

Israel-U.S.This article demonstrates the interplay between the United States and Israel. Particularly, this article demonstrates the way in which the Israeli government attempts to use the theme of stability and security. The article provides a particularly in depth look at the different stresses on the U.S. Israeli relationship. It is a good source to go for examples of language and framing utilized by both governments. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/israel-urges-u-s-to-reaffirm-support-in-light-of-egypt-unrest-1.342467

Israel-Egypt http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/mubarak-s-departure-averted-an-israeli-strike-on-iran-1.343012

Israel-Hamas http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/israel-navy-gaza-bound-anti-ship-missiles-found-on-seized-ship-1.349410

Israel- Palestine http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/top-defense-official-israel-faces-isolation-no-less-severe-than-war-1.354069

Israel-Fatah With Palestinian state-hood looming, Netanyahu considers ways to avoid political repercussions. Considers IDF withdrawal, and other means of gaining political edge.http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/netanyahu-mulls-pulling-idf-forces-out-of-palestinian-west-bank-1.355430

Israel With a possible pull-out looming, settler groups pressure Netanyahu. Here is a great example of some of the internal tensions of Israel and how they come to impact policy. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/settler-council-netanyahu-s-west-bank-pullout-plan-radiates-panic-1.355535

A Road Map of Tension

Currently there are increasing tensions between Israel and its Palestinian neighbors. In this section i will be placing articles which chart the evolution of those tensions so that students and teachers can have a better understanding of how these crisis evolve. The goal here is to provide an organic narrative, rather than a constructed one, to demonstrate how these tensions escalate.

Israel-Hamas-fatah Israel closes crossing into Gaza, severely limiting flow of goods. http://www.americantaskforce.org/daily_news_article/2011/03/03/1299128400_1

Israel-Hamas-Fatah Hamas fires missiles into Israel. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/hamas-fires-rockets-into-south-israel-1019522.html

Israel-Hamas-FatahIsrael swiftly retaliates.http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/03/2011322162920193682.html

Israel-Hamas-Fatah Bomb explodes in Jerusalem, wounding 25. Perpetrator is unknown. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/bomb-explodes-in-central-jerusalem-25-wounded-1.351377

Israel-Hamas-Fatah Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad condemns bombing in Israel. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/palestinian-pm-i-harshly-condemn-jerusalem-terror-attack-1.351399

Israel-Hamas-Fatah Netanyahu threatens retaliation for attack. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/netanyahu-israel-will-react-firmly-to-recent-palestinian-violence-1.351431

Israel-Hamas-Fatah-United States U.S. President Obama weighs in on the bombing in Jerusalem http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/44/post/obama-condemns-jerusalem-bombing/2011/03/23/ABaOWdJB_blog.html

Israel-Hamas Israel strikes a weapons depot in Gaza. Hamas retaliates with rocket fire. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/03/2011324145153377198.html

Israel-Russia-United States Israeli PM, Benjamin Netanyahu, asks Russian President Demitri Medvedev to stop supplying Syria with anti-ship missiles. Netanyahu states that Obama phoned him to commend Israel on its restraint. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/netanyahu-israel-s-reaction-to-rocket-attacks-will-be-measured-1.351658

Israe-Hamas Israel threatens greater use of force. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/netanyahu-israel-ready-to-act-with-full-force-to-stop-missiles-1.351824

Israel-Hamas- U.N Hamas calls on U.N. to stop Israeli aggression. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/netanyahu-israel-ready-to-act-with-full-force-to-stop-missiles-1.351824

Israel-Hamas Israel claims that Hamas does not control Gaza. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/senior-idf-commander-there-is-anarchy-in-gaza-1.351935

Israel-Hamas Israel deploys anti-rocket missile system. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/03/201132718224159699.html



Israel-Fatah-Hamas Palestinian authority pressures U.N members to recognize its state-hood. Israel threatens "unilateral action" if Palestine's statehood is recognized. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/israel-threatens-unilateral-steps-if-un-recognizes-palestinian-state-1.352423

Israel-Hamas Air strikes continue. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/03/201133055941687286.html

Israel-Turkey-UN-Hamas Israel Urges U.N. to stop new Gaza aid flotilla. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/israel-pressing-un-to-halt-new-gaza-aid-flotilla-1.353914

Israel-HamasIDF fires on a man, suspected of planting explosives near border, Hamas reciprocates with mortar fire. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/idf-kills-armed-palestinian-approaching-gaza-border-fence-1.354207

Israel-Hamas Hamas requests cease-fire. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/hamas-has-requested-a-cease-fire-israel-officials-say-1.354971

Israel-Hamas Israel continues shelling Gaza. http://m.apnews.com/ap/db_16025/contentdetail.htm?contentguid=TNUjeSQ2

Israel-Hamas Israel rejects cease-fire and continues attacks. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/israel-to-continue-fighting-terror-in-gaza-despite-hamas-ceasefire-plea-1.355162

Israel-Hamas Unofficial cease-fire seems to be in-place. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/palestinian-official-israel-gaza-militants-agreed-to-a-cease-fire-1.355211

Israel-HamasAfter Hamas fired several rockets were fired into Israel, Israel retaliated. Here I would like to draw the readers attention to the nature of Gaza. There are numerous groups operating within the borders, many of whom have a vested interest in destabilizing a ceasefire. While it is often easy to blame Hamas, it is often more complicated of a picture. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/israel-warplanes-strike-hamas-targets-following-gaza-rocket-fire-1.356235


U.S.-Israel This article pertains to both Israelis and Americans. It is an article which demonstrates the Israeli self defense argument. It also demonstrates how this rhetoric has been adopted by United States diplomats. The article also provides a glimpse at the justifications for the recent Gaza war. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE50Q4Z520090127

U.S.-Israel While this is an article about Israel, it strongly features the U.S.’s efforts to attain a moratorium extension This is a superb article that demonstrates the diplomatic dialogue which eventually lead the proposition of a temporary and partial settlement freeze. The settlement freeze was rejected by the Palestinians; however, this article demonstrates track two diplomacy between the United States and Israel. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/netanyahu-urges-top-ministers-to-extend-settlement-freeze-1.317164

U.S. This article presents a nice example of the tone utilized by the U.S. As the events on the ground in Egypt develop, the United States could not be seen as pushing them, or inhibiting them. This article demonstrates the measured position adopted by the U.S. Without calling for Mubarak to step down, the U.S. positions itself in a position which is amicable to both the protesters and Mubarak. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/clinton-u-s-wants-orderly-but-expeditious-transition-in-egypt-1.341387

China-U.S. This article delves into the relationship of China to the Middle East. However, it importantly introduces U.S. interests into the analysis. This article is a must read for both Chines and U.S. diplomats as it both outlines Chinese involvement in the Middle East and the U.S. interests in that involvement. File:Securedownload (1).pdf



Egypt- Everyone ElseThis is a great primer on Egypt. It is a primer relevant to the evolving situation in Egypt. It answers simple but important questions like, "Why are Egyptians in the street protesting?" This is a must read for Egyptian players. It is very much a should read for everyone else. File:Khanegyptprimer.pdf





China-United States This article deals with the influences of Asian countries within the Middle East. However, its over-all focus is on analyzing the rise of Asian countries in a general way. It is a great place for U.S. or Chinese players who are trying to gain a perspective on their countries relations. For Chinese diplomats, it is a particularly useful tool for understanding how your country is rising. http://mideast.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2010/07/07/asian_presence_can_bring_a_breath_of_fresh_air_to_the_middle_east

China-IranChina and the “West” do not see eye to eye on many issues. One of the issues they differ upon is Iran and in particular Iran’s nuclear weapons. This article not only provides China’s stance on Iran, but it provides a look into the reasoning behind that thought. Of particular importance is its analysis of what the West sees as threats and why China might see them differently. It is also a great tool for Iranian diplomats struggling to understand their relationship with China. File:Iran Nuclear Issue The View from Beijing.pdf

China- United States This article delves into the relationship of China to the Middle East. However, it importantly introduces U.S. interests into the analysis. This article is a must read for both Chines and U.S. diplomats as it both outlines Chinese involvement in the Middle East and the U.S. interests in that involvement. File:Securedownload (1).pdf


<p>EU-Israel-Iran This is a great policy speech. It outlines the key points of focus for EU strategy. It also goes into the approaches the E.U. hopes to use in attaining its goals. This speech is a great starting point for any E.U. diplomat. It is also a great example of diplomatic language. File:Ashton speech march 2010.pdf

Here is a 2011 article about EU policy regarding Egypt that points out some of the challenges of Mrs. Ashton's position, reflecting the challenges of establishing a unified European foreign policy. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/11/world/europe/11europe.html?scp=1&sq=ashton&st=cse

EU-Iran This is a great article outlining Iranian-EU relations. It follows the evolution of the EU's approach to Iran as well as the EU's trade interests with Iran. http://www.irantracker.org/foreign-relations/european-union-iran-relations


France-Syria-U.S. This article not only analyzes the French-Syrian relationship, but extrapolates from it lessons applicable to U.S. engagement in Syria. It is a great resource for French and Syrian diplomats who want to better understand their relationship. File:Engaging Syria Lessons from the French Experience (1).pdf


This article provides a great view into Russian thinking, especially in regards to the Arab Israeli conflict. The article is an interview with a Russian intellectual about the upcoming visit of president Medvedev to Palestine and Israel. It is particularly useful because it highlights some of the goals for the Russian visit and some areas where Russia is hesitant. http://english.ruvr.ru/radio_broadcast/26229658/40269436/index.html

File:Russian-Iranian Relations in the obama era.pdf

Russia-Syria-Israel http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11347495


Articles within the Gaza section are very important. They often pertain Fatah, Israel, and Hamas all at once. I strongly recommend that all characters read this section. They may also speak directly to other countries as well.

Egypt-Israel-Hamas Egypt’s role in Gaza and its influence on Hamas are here crystallized. This article provides a nice example of how Egypt coaches its words when urging Hamas to stop rocket attacks. It states that it does not want to give Israel a pretext to attack Gaza. I strongly encourage this article to all diplomats. It is a superb example of how to word your statements strategically. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/egypt-to-hamas-stop-gaza-rockets-or-face-new-israel-war-1.336633

Egypt-HamasThe second article expands upon the first. Egyptian and Hamas players should read it to get a better understanding of the relation between their two factions. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/egypt-to-hamas-stop-gaza-rockets-or-face-new-israel-war-1.336633

Israel-Egypt-Hamas This is another article dealing with Egypts role in the Gaza strip. However, this article deals dierectly with ongoing Egyptian involvement in the maintenance of the Gaza blockade. Specifically it deals with the lightening of restrictions, and importantly it deals with what materials are still forbidden by Egypt to Gaza. This article is of great interest to Israel, Egyptian, and Hamas diplomats. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/egypt-opens-gaza-border-following-idf-raid-on-aid-flotilla-1.293560

Israel-Turkey This is an important article that deals with the Israeli boarding of Turkish aid vessels destined for Gaza. Reuters provides a detailed and fair analysis of the event. This article puts the blockade of Gaza into perspective for many. It is also an important event to understand for any players representing Turkey. This event had direct effects upon the Israeli-Turkish military alliance. http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/05/31/us-palestinians-flotilla-idUSTRE64T21820100531

Palestinian Authority- HAMAS- Israel This article goes over the founding of a unity government to reconcile the differences between Hamas and the PA. While nothing is set in stone as of yet, it is an interesting glimpse at what is to come. It is also important to note that Israel warned the PA that they could have peace with Hamas or peace with Israel, but not both. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/05/20115434236113769.html


This article refers to Jordan's attempts to liberalize its political system in response to regional unrest. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/christoph-wilcke/in-jordan-a-quick-move-fo_b_817825.html (needs description)

File:The Jordanian-Israeli Relationship- The Reality of.pdf


</p>Turkey-Israel This article goes in depth on the political reaction to the Israeli boarding of a Turkish aid ship headed towards Gaza ( for a more in-depth article on that event itself, see the Gaza section). This article is of great worth to Israeli and Turkish diplomats struggling to understand the current state of relations between their two respective countries. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,698115,00.html </p>

Turkey This article demonstrates how Turkey carries itself diplomatically. It is of particular use to those who under take the role of Erdogan. The article demonstrates, and explains, why it is in Turkey’s favor to get out in front of the developing situation in Egypt. It also goes deeper, looking into Turkey’s ties with Israel and its increasing popularity and power in the Middle East. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2045328_2045333_2045723,00.html

A good survey piece on Turkey's regional policies from the International Crisis Group:File:203 Turkey and the Middle East - Ambitions and Constraints.pdf

File:Turkey's Rules The New York Times January 23.PDF

Turkey-U.S.-Israel This article provides Turkey's response to the Israeli Turkel report. The Turkel report was an Israeli investigation into the Israeli attack on Turkish aid ships bound for Gaza. This article is important if one approaches it with simple questions in mind. Why do these three countries need to either discredit or legitimize the outcome of the Israeli investigation? http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/turkey-gaza-flotilla-probe-five-shot-dead-at-close-range-1.342805

Turkey-IsraelTurkey to allow aid flotilla to Gaza, despite Israeli objections. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/turkey-to-israel-we-won-t-stop-upcoming-gaza-flotilla-1.356018

EU-Turkey This article deals with Turkey's bid for ascension to the European Union. It is an from the Turkish government and thus presents a very Turkish view of Turkey's role in EU and Western affairs. This should be considered necessary reading for anyone seeking to play Turkey. http://www.abgs.gov.tr/index.php?p=111&l=2

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia This is a great profile of the King of Saudi Arabia. It goes deep into his motivations, beliefs and his current mentality. Of particular importance is the great detail the article pays to the King's early life and influences which have shaped his reign. It also provides a great analysis of the King's reformist policies. While not a very indepth analysis, it does highlight key reforms the king is championing. This is a must read for all Saudi diplomats. File:Adbullah by Chris Dickey.pdf

Saudi Arabia-U.S.While a short article, it does provide an interesting look at the Saudi-U.S. relationship into perspective. It demonstrates not only the position of the Saudi King toward Mubarak, but also the tools at his disposal. A key question that the reader should keep in mind is, what does Saudi Arabia gain from threatening to bank roll Mubarak? The article does not answer this question outright,this question brings many Saudi considerations to the surface. http://www.haaretz.com/news/international/saudi-king-told-obama-he-d-fund-mubarak-if-u-s-halted-egypt-aid-1.342462

This article examines the delicate relationship between the United States and Saudi Arabia. It demonstrates the interwoven nature of U.S. and Saudi policy and the ability of one to influence the other. Saudi_Threaten_US_over_abandonment_of_Mubarak_(1).pdf


This article deals with the Iranian nuclear program. It is a must read for all diplomats. The New York Times did a great job of providing a brief but deep overview of the Iranian nuclear program and the politics that swirl around it. The article focuses on U.S. policy but touches on Israeli policy as well as other international actors. http://www.nytimes.com/info/iran-nuclear-program/

Each country uses spin differently. In politics, spinning a story correctly can mean the difference between political success and failure. This article provides a superb example of how Iran is spinning the uprisings in Egypt to its own political needs. When reading this story, consider who this type of spin is aimed at. The Egyptian situation, at this time is a hugely secular event. What does the Supreme leader have to gain by recasting it as an Islamic revolution? http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/02/201124101233510493.html



Iran-Israel Leaked documents reveal that Israel's military posture on Iran may just be rhetorical. http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/haaretz-wikileaks-exclusive-israel-ruled-out-military-option-on-iran-years-ago-1.355024


The section on Lebanon is particularly long because the unfolding situation is occurring within a political system that is unique within the world. These articles should make understanding the position of your diplomats much easier.

Lebanon The Lebanese electoral system is complex. This article by Aljazeera does a great job of explaining how Parliament is elected. It is a must read for anyone playing Lebanon since it establishes how your countries elections work. It is also important to note that particular offices are normally assigned based on religion. An example is that the office of Prime Minister is reserved for a Sunni. http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/lebanon2009/2009/06/200962114819360431.html

Lebanon-Hizbollahthis article demonstrates how different groups within Lebanon come together, across sectarian lines, to form political alliances. In this case, it is a Christian leader speaking out against Hezbollah’s successful reorganization of Parliament. http://www.haaretz.com/news/international/lebanese-christian-leader-hezbollah-will-turn-lebanon-into-the-new-gaza-1.338548

Lebanon-Syria Links between Lebanon, Syria, and Iran run deeply between the three countries (see article in Syrian section for a better analysis of Syrian Lebanese relationship). This a article deals with the perceived Influence of Iran on the Lebanese political landscape. It specifically illuminates the perception that Hizbollah, a Shia militia, is being sponsored by Iran. This article does a superb job of making the perceived links between Lebanon and Iran understandable. It also demonstrates the Ire that this perceived relationship can evoke in the Sunni community. http://www.haaretz.com/news/international/hariri-supporters-hezbollah-is-carrying-out-an-iran-backed-coup-of-lebanon-1.338950

March 14th-Hezbollah The political unrest in Lebanon revolves around a rebort to be published by the U.N. special tribunal on Lebanon. This is the STL’s website. Their about page does a great job of explaining their mandate. I encourage Hizbollah diplomats and March 14th coalition members to explore this site, as well as read the about page. http://www.stl-tsl.org/section/AbouttheSTL

March 14th- Hizbollah This article does a great job explaining why many sunnis are angry with the appointment of Najib Miqati to the position of Prime Minister. This is a must read for March 14th and Hizbollah players. The article does a great job looking at the interactions between your two groups. Diplomats should look to this article for a sense of how both parties view the formation of a new government. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2044310,00.html

Electoral Reform in Lebanon, by Benedetta Berti http://www.mideastmonitor.org/issues/0907/0907_4.htm (needs description)



Syria-Lebanon This article traces Syrian involvement in Lebanon from past to the 2005 disengagement of Syria from Lebanon. While it does not go into the current political realtions, it provides a great starting point to understand the background of the relationship between Syria and Lebanon. This article is a must read for Lebanese and Syrian diplomats, it is a should read for everyone else. http://www.cfr.org/publication/7851/middle_east.html#p1

Syria-TurkeyThis article pertains to the new relationships between Syria and Turkey. http://mideast.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2010/06/21/syrias_new_alliances (needs description) http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/features/2011/02/201129103121562395.html


This article provides the views of Fatah on several key points. It is not a very long article, but it provides a good window into the thinking of Fatah. This article is a good place to go to get a feeling for how Abbas dealt with the failure of the peace talks. http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/abbas-we-will-not-make-unilateral-declaration-of-palestinian-statehood-1.338508

This article is about the Palestinian elections scheduled for July. It is a great resource for understanding the current relations between Fatah and Hamas. Consider why might Abbas continue with elections even if Hamas won't participate? What does Hamas stand to gain from refusing to participate? What does it have to lose from participation? http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/pa-announces-july-elections-but-hamas-won-t-participate-1.342023


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